Vaginismus: Signs And How To Treat It

Vaginismus refers to painful spasms of the muscles located in the vagina. Vaginismus can lead to sexual difficulties, and it is possible that there may be other sex-related issues as well. Learn more about what this condition is, and what you can do if you are experiencing vaginismus symptoms.

What is Vaginismus?

Vaginismus is a condition in which the vaginal muscles tighten involuntarily, making sexual intercourse painful or impossible. It can be caused by a variety of things, including physical or emotional trauma, infections, and hormonal changes. While there is no cure for vaginismus, there are treatments that can help make sex more comfortable. If you think you might have vaginismus, talk to your doctor.

What are the signs of Vaginismus?

There are a few key signs that may indicate that a woman is suffering from vaginismus. These include:

  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Difficulty or pain when inserting a tampon
  • Burning, stinging or itching sensations in the vagina
  • muscle spasms in the pelvic floor area

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult with your doctor or gynecologist. They will be able to diagnose vaginismus and develop a treatment plan that is best for you.

Treating Vaginismus

If you’re experiencing pain during sex, it could be a sign of vaginismus. This is a condition where the muscles around the vagina tighten up, making penetration difficult or impossible. It can be caused by a variety of things, including anxiety, past trauma, or medical conditions. While it can be frustrating and even painful, there are treatments available that can help.

One option is to use dilators. These are devices that gradually help to stretch and loosen the muscles around the vagina. Over time, they can help make sex less painful and more enjoyable.

Another treatment option is pelvic floor physical therapy. This involves exercises and massages that help to relax the muscles around the vagina. A therapist can also teach you how to do these exercises at home.

If you’re struggling with vaginismus, know that you’re not alone. This is a common condition that can be treated with patience, time, and the right treatment plan.

How does Physical Therapy help Vaginismus?

There is no one answer to this question as each woman’s experience with vaginismus is unique. However, physical therapy can be a helpful tool in managing the condition. Physical therapists can work with women to help them identify and relax the muscles that are causing the pain and spasms. In some cases, they may also recommend the use of dilators to help stretch the vaginal muscles. While there is no cure for vaginismus, physical therapy can be an effective way to manage the symptoms and help improve quality of life.

Getting Pregnant When You’ve Had Vaginismus

If you’ve been diagnosed with vaginismus, you’re probably wondering if you’ll ever be able to have children. The good news is that it is possible to get pregnant even if you have vaginismus. There are a few things you can do to increase your chances of getting pregnant:

  1. Talk to your doctor about fertility treatments. If you’re having trouble getting pregnant, your doctor may recommend fertility treatments such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF).
  2. Use a lubricant during intercourse. This will help reduce friction and make intercourse more comfortable.
  3. Try different sexual positions. Some positions may be more comfortable than others. Experiment until you find one that works for you.
  4. Relax and don’t worry too much about it. Getting pregnant may take some time, but it will happen eventually. Just relax and enjoy the process!

How can vaginismus affect birth?

While vaginismus can make natural childbirth more difficult, it doesn’t necessarily mean that a woman with vaginismus can’t have a vaginal birth. It may just mean that she needs to be extra diligent in her preparation and working with her medical team.

That said, if a woman with vaginismus is pregnant and wants to try for a vaginal birth, she should work with her OB-GYN to come up with a game plan. This may include things like special exercises or relaxation techniques to help the muscles of the vagina loosen up. In some cases, a woman may need to be dilated before labor begins.

If it becomes clear that a vaginal birth isn’t going to be possible, a caesarean section (C-section) will be scheduled. A C-section is a safe and effective way to deliver a baby, and many women who have had to have one say that it wasn’t as bad as they feared.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is vaginismus?
    Vaginismus is a condition in which the muscles of the vagina tighten involuntarily, making sexual intercourse painful or impossible. The cause is usually psychological, although it can also be a side effect of certain medical conditions or medications.
  2. What are the symptoms of vaginismus?
    Symptoms of vaginismus include pain during intercourse, difficulty inserting tampons or other objects into the vagina, and tightness or burning sensations in the vagina.
  3. What causes vaginismus?
    The cause of vaginismus is often psychological, such as anxiety or fear about sex. Other causes can be physical, such as certain medical conditions or medications.
  4. How is vaginismus treated?
    Treatment for vaginismus typically includes a combination of therapy and relaxation techniques. In some cases, medication may also be prescribed to help relax the muscles of the vagina.


Vaginismus is a condition that can be very frustrating and painful for those who suffer from it. However, it is important to remember that there are treatments available and you should not feel ashamed or embarrassed about seeking help. If you think you might be suffering from vaginismus, talk to your doctor or a trained therapist who can help you manage the condition and get back to enjoying a healthy and fulfilling sex life.

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